Howard Gardner an American cognitive psychologist and author, introduced the theory of multiple types of intelligences humans possess. His original concept included 7 but this now has expanded. You definitely possess at least one or maybe more. Here are 9 Types of Intelligence: Which one(s) do you possess?
#1 Naturalist Intelligence
People with Naturalist Intelligence have an instinctive relationship with natural surroundings.
People with Naturalist Intelligence possess sensory awareness and observe and understand patterns within the natural environment, they have an exceptional caring for wildlife, plants, trees and the ecosystem.
Naturalism was a literary movement taking place from 1865 to 1900 and is the idea or belief that only natural laws and forces (as opposed to supernatural or spiritual ones) operate in the universe. Naturalists are heavily influenced by the evolution theory of Charles Darwin. Naturalists can distinguish patterns in nature and have the special ability to grow plants, vegetables and fruit. They also have an affinity with animals and have the ability to train animals.
#2 Musical Intelligence
People that possess musical intelligence are blessed with a natural understanding of pitch, rhythm, timbre and tone.
With these gifts, people can create, reproduce and reflect on music as displayed by musicians, vocalists, composers and conductors around the world.
Musical intelligence recognizes musical patterns and tones easily. They can remember songs and melodies and are able to learn to read and recreate musical notes.
Critics, however, feel that musical intelligence should be viewed not as an intelligence but viewed instead as a talent. They argue that musical intelligence is categorized as a talent because it does not have to change to meet life demands. What do you think?
#3 Logical Mathematical Intelligence
Mathematical logic incorporates abstract symbolic thought.
It allows us to see relationships in shapes and symbols in order to solve problems and is crucial to problem solving and critical thinking.
People who possess logical mathematical intelligence show the ability to analyze situations or problems logically, to identify solutions, to conduct scientific research, and to solve logical or mathematical operations easily. People who excel with this quality are often mathematicians, scientists or detectives.
#4 Existential Intelligence
People with existential intelligence ask the profound questions “How did we get here? Why are we here? What purpose does our existence serve?”
It is not so important to have the answers, merely that they were raised in the first place. They are abstract, philosophical thinkers who have the ability to use meta-cognition to explore the unknown. Meta-cognition is about thinking about one’s thinking with the ability to examine how you process thoughts and feelings. A bit of a mouthful but they think outside the box.
Socrates and the Buddha are examples of famous figures who exhibited an exceptional level of existential intelligence.
#5 Inter Personal Intelligence
Interpersonal intelligence refers to our ability to understand and relate to other people.
Put quite simply “you get people”. It is to have empathy with people, the ability to note distinctions among others.
They are easily able to pick up on the feelings, mood, motivation, and intentions of those around them. These individuals may often enjoy debate or discussions. People with interpersonal intelligence, such as Mahatma Gandhi and Cesar Chavez.
#6 Bodily-Kinaesthetic Intelligence
Bodily-kinesthetic is a learning style often referred to as ‘learning with the hands’ or physical learning.
Basically, people with bodily-kinesthetic intelligence can learn more easily by doing. They are proficient in the following:
- Good at dancing and sports.
- Enjoy creating things with his or her hands.
- Have excellent physical coordination and motor skills
- Remember by doing, rather than hearing or seeing
#7 Linguistic Intelligence
Linguistic Intelligence deals with sensitivity to the spoken and written language.
Do you have a vast vocabulary? Linguistic Intelligence allows you to have the ability to learn languages, and capacity to use language to accomplish certain goals. People with this type of intelligence enjoy reading and writing and have an excellent knack for picking up new languages and can find the beauty in the words and languages.
Those with linguistic intelligence are best suited to careers as journalists, authors, copy editors, teachers, actors, public speakers, lawyers, and broadcasters.
#8 Intrapersonal Intelligence
Intrapersonal intelligence is the capacity to explore one’s inner world and feelings.
Their mind is their ‘safe-haven’ and they are at one with their self. Thus. they are crucially aware of want makes themselves ‘tick’ as they very quickly understand their emotions feelings and what motivates them. What is common lies in the young who largely not only have an inclination of what they want to be when they are adults but how to achieve it.
These are the ‘daydreamers’ who assess their own personal strengths and like exploring relationships with others.
#9 Spatial Intelligence
Spatial intelligence, or visuo-spatial ability, is the ability “has been defined “to generate, retain, retrieve, and transform well-structured visual images” (Lohman 1996).
What this means is that people who possess spatial intelligence have a thought process that is in 3 dimensions and they have the ability to visualize the world accurately. But it goes more than that. Based upon their perception, they are able to modify and recreate aspects of their visual experiences. It is a mental feat.
They excel in imagining an object before something is created which makes them excellent architects and engineers. They are good at drawing, painting, solving puzzles and mazes and recognize patterns easily.
Leonardo Da Vinci and Michelangelo are both famous exponents of high visual-spatial, or visual, intelligence arguably creating the greatest works of art in history.
So there you are, the 9 types of intelligence. Which one are you, or do you possess more than 1? Let us know in the comments.
Bonus 1 See our video on “7 people with unusual mental gifts”. Click on the image link:
Bonus 2 Can your intelligence be improved? See ‘Roadmap to Genius’ that can help make you smarter. Click on here for details: