What are we cloning now?

In July 1996, the world was greeted with Dolly the sheep, the first mammal to be cloned from an adult cell. The rest, as they say, is history.

The world of cloning has come a long way since Dolly, but whilst the ethical issues still remain, this process of cloning and its implications become complicated. So, what is the world of cloning like now? Here are some areas where cloning is no longer science fiction but science fact. It may surprise you.

Endangered animals

The financial viability of cloning endangered species is under debate and therefore not widespread as you may imagine.

You see you could spend billions on cloning endangered animals but that does not mean that they will survive. Where do you put them? Probably in a zoo as the reason they are becoming extinct in the first place is because their natural habitat is at threat or they have been hunted down.  So, putting them straight back where they came from is a non-starter. Yes, some environments considered safe have allowed re-introduced animals to the wild, but at the moment it is down to the question ‘is it worth it?’.

There are also compassionate grounds to deal with as cloned animals suffer miscarriages, have birth defects, develop serious illnesses, and die prematurely. Currently it is not about saving individual endangered species but more about conserving areas of the planet in order to preserve habitats that are crucial for the preservation of the species at risk of extinction.

However, cloning of endangered species has happened. Groups that have successfully been cloned include cattle, pigs, sheep, and goats. Scientists have also cloned mice, rats, rabbits, cats, mules, horses and dogs.

Extinct animals

“De-extinction (also known as resurrection biology, or species revivalism) is the process of generating an organism that is either an extinct species or resembles an extinct species”. Wikipedia

Most people have seen the 1993 movie “Jurassic Park,” but that was the thoughts of fiction as it is not currently possible to bring a dinosaur back to life because the DNA is too old. However, that may not be the case in the future.

There are some more animals of the last Ice Age that could be restored through cloning because their DNA were preserved in permafrost and can still be extracted. These animals include the Woolly Mammoth and Sabre Toothed Cats. (For a list of “14 Extinct Animals That Could Be Resurrected” see Bonus below at the end of this post.

The argument for de-extinction is that supporters feel that we, as the human race, should be obliged to bring these animals back, as we are directly responsible for them being extinct in the first place. De-extinction supporters have ‘dubbed’ some extinct animals as ‘keystone’ species. A keystone species is an organism that helps define an entire ecosystem, and without them, the eco system of our planet would be dramatically different to what it is now. Examples of living keystone species are the Beaver, the Shark and the African Elephant. They all play a critical role in maintaining ecosystems.

However, there are people who oppose such an idea as they feel that not only would it be extremely expensive to bringing back extinct species but it would also cause a biodiversity loss. The definition of Biodiversity loss describes the decline in the number, genetic variability, and variety of species, and the biological communities in a given area. Biodiversity underpins the health of the planet and has a direct impact on all our lives.

Pets

Pets form an important addition to households all over the world and most people agree and accept that a pet is a member of the family. It is always a heart wrenching experience when they pass on, but what happens if the thought of cloning them comes into the equation?

There is a growing industry for cloning pets but which is still in its infancy. Contrary to the movies, animals so far cannot be cloned from blood, DNA, hair, or teeth. It is only possible with live tissue.  Cloning a pet undergoes the following procedures and its implications are not without controversy:

  • Extract DNA from the pet to be cloned through a biopsy of tissue. The tissue is then cryogenically preserved using temperatures below 130 degrees C.
  • Designated ‘Surrogate’ animals to generate fertilized eggs.
  • The DNA is erased from the fertilized eggs and the pet’s preserved DNA is inserted.
  • The altered eggs are implanted back into the ‘Surrogate’ animal which may or may not get pregnant.

Whatever the animal, it is currently a particularly inefficient process and here are some unpleasant facts to consider before you want to consider cloning your beloved pet. For example, if someone wanted to clone their dog:

  • It would take many dog surrogates to achieve a single successful pregnancy.
  • A lot of cloned embryos would be required to create a single healthy puppy.
  • Many dogs die as cells in the culture dish or as embryos in the womb and a few puppies die.
  • The ‘Surrogate’ dogs undergo multiple pregnancies who basically have no say in the process.
  • Unneeded clones have an undetermined fate.
  • Getting a cloned copy does not mean that you will get an identical looking pet with the same personality.
  • There is also the potential of birth defects and possible illness.

Small wonder that there is an argument for going down to the local animal welfare shelter and adopt a new cat or dog.

Sniffer dogs at airports

As well as pets being cloned, working animals are being cloned and one working animal that is increasing its presence, is the airport sniffer dog.  For example, there are cloned sniffer dogs roaming South Korea’s Incheon Airport in Seoul searching for explosives or contraband luggage.

These animals have had some success. The pack of cloned Golden Labrador Retrievers, genetically identical, have been working at the airport for over 10 years and no-one would be the wiser that these canines are cloned.

The consensus is that cloned dogs are easier to train the arts of locating illegal imports and drugs than their naturally born co-workers. Indeed, the analysis shows that cloned dogs were constantly outperforming their counterparts. The costs of training the cloned dogs are markedly cheaper and minimises failures to hit the required standard to become a sniffer dog.

In 2019 it was announced the cloning of working dogs extended to the Chinese police hoping to cut training times and costs for China’s police dogs.

Food

A cloned animal is a genetic copy of its parent, so it is safe to say that is composition (milk and flesh) is the same as the DNA extracted that is used to create it. 

Livestock have been cloned for human consumption since 1998. Various authorities around the world have approved the use of meat and milk from cloned cattle, pigs, and goats and from the offspring of clones of any species traditionally used as food, following the usual safety standard checks. However, this is still in its infancy as cloned cattle are mainly used for breeding and then the offspring are used to feed the population. However, this is about to change.

China’s development of cloning livestock has been particularly active in this field mainly due to its demand for beef. It is anticipated that the nation of 1.4 billion people will soon be feasting on cloned cows and a Chinese genetics company is set to produce cattle on an industrial scale. This is Boyalife Genomics, a cloning facility in the coastal city of Tianjin who reputedly are to start producing 100,000 cloned cattle annually and them ramping up to a million a year.

The positive notion used by pro-cloning experts is that the cloning of livestock for food can lead to the end of world hunger. What do you think? I would love to hear your views on this controversial subject.

Sport

Cloning has entered into the world of sport, namely polo and potentially some horse competitions.

The polo player, Adolfo Cambiaso, the sport’s greatest player, made history when he rode out on a cloned horse in the Argentine Open Championship of 2016. In fact, during the tournament he rode on 6 cloned horses. He gathered a state of the art team of scientists who revolutionised the field of horse breeding as he went on to be the best player of all time in the world of Polo.

In 2003, the first ever clone of a champion racehorse was unveiled at a press conference in Italy. The horse named ‘Prometea’ was created by fusing the nucleus of a skin cell taken from the mother with an empty egg from another horse. The resulting embryo was returned to the mother’s womb after being cultured in the lab.

Others sports involved with cloning include dressage, showjumping, three-day-eventing, and carriage horse racing. There is also no official objection to date for cloned horses to complete in the next Olympic Games, although nothing has been announced as yet.

Humans

This is still in the world of science fiction and is the most controversial. Scientists in China have successfully cloned two monkeys but despite several scientific claims in South Korea, there is no scientific evidence of any country cloning a human being as the process is extremely difficult, more so than in other mammals.

It is true that we have been able to clone human embryos for several years now. However, the ethical implications of such a project to create a human being are immense as there are question marks on the cost, the number of embryos needed, the total of failed attempts that will occur, to the completed clone suffering untold health problems. The question about the possibility of cloning a human has changed from ‘could we?’ to ‘should we?’ What do you think? Leave a comment as we would love to hear your thoughts on the subject.

Bonus “14 Extinct Animals That Could Be Resurrected” Click on link if this interests you.

Your relationship with your partner-is it worth keeping?

“The first way to know if your relationship is worth saving is that you are both committed to growth, individually and together.” Google

When considering your relationship, your partner should be the first person you trust or feel comfortable with. So why the doubt?

If there is uncertainty about your partner in your life? Being in a relationship demands sacrifices from both parties and the following may help when considering whether you are right or wrong about the relationship.

“I Only Have Eyes for You”

Ok, first of all we assume that the sex is ok, as if that is your only concern, this post may not be of any help to you.

We assume that there is nothing wrong in that department and you are not interested or do not want anyone else.

Look this one needs to be clarified before guilt creeps in. There is nothing wrong in giving a fleeting look at a man or woman that passes you by and who you thought were attractive. You cannot fight what is in every ones’ DNA and it is only natural. -Darwinesque perpetuation of the species and all that.

Of course, if you want try and take it up further, you have already answered the question but in an inverted way. You are not worth your partner’s time! Faithfulness and loyalty are the foundation of a stable relationship-without it your relationship is doomed. If you are failing in that area, you should walk away to stop inevitable heartbreak.

“A tingle in your stomach”

You feel a tingle in your stomach, sometimes known as ‘butterflies’ or you feel happiness when your partner enters the room.

The ‘butterflies’ thing normally happens at the start of a relationship which is a sign of excitement and expectation. It is a good sign. If you still get it after a long while then you are lucky. Feeling happiness being with your partner is a very good sign as long as they reciprocate the feelings.

Don’t worry too much if the ‘butterflies’ have ended, as long as you are happy with your partner. If you are both apart for some time, it is quite likely that the ‘butterflies’ will come back when your partner returns. What is certain is that if you are happy on their return, by virtue of just their presence, then that box it ticked ‘ok’.

“You are nice to have around”

In other words, he or she is your best friend and you prefer their company to others. Yes, you have friends and you really enjoy seeing them when you can but they too have their own lives to lead which suits you very well.

In the end, your partner is the one you want to be with regularly as you enjoy being with them more than without them and you hate the thought of being apart from them. You are confident that this is not insecurity on your part and, as you trust your partner, you just don’t want to be away from him or her for too long. It is a preference thing that you feel comfortable with.

A very good sign that you have something good going is when you say that whether you are out with your partner or at home; you have fun together.

“It’s good to talk”

Communication is one of the most important facets of keeping a good relationship going whether it is in business or with a personal relationship. So, if you are unsure where you stand in this relationship, now is the time to speak up.

The danger is that once you ‘get used to’ your partner, you stop communicating. If you suspect there is something wrong in your relationship, then talking it through is key. If you still talk to each other, even if it is about the most trivial occurrence in the day, then you are in a positive place.

These are key factors when communicating with your partner:

  • You feel you can bring up any subject without offence
  • Do not keep secrets from your partner
  • Be open and honest with your partner
  • You can cry in front of your partner and he/she is there for you
  • You feel that your partner is being honest with you
  • You can both vent your anger at something your partner has done – you resolve it and the anger is soon forgotten

“We can work it out”

This goes on from the last one. At some point in your relationship, you will have an event or a difference of opinion that is significant. It is how you deal with it that counts and a strong indication whether the relationship is staying on track or worth keeping.

There is no productive sense in shouting at each other but you will have to communicate. Here are some indicators that your relationship is strong and worth keeping:

  • Something bothers you in the relationship and you raise it in a conversation. Your partner listens and is receptive and makes an effort to make a change that is acceptable to you. This of course works both ways.
  • You have other commitments that he or she have an issue with. For example, your job dictates that you work long hours or you have a regular evening with your friends socially. You explain why you have these commitments and your partner accepts them.
  • You have a habit of forgetting to get things in your daily activities. You need a favour from your partner to run an errand you forgot to complete, such as something you forgot to get from the supermarket. Whatever it is, your partner finds the time without complaining to complete the task.
  • You are out in public, a function for example, and one of you has annoyed the other with some action during the event. I appreciate that if alcohol is involved that this could be difficult! But you manage to avoid the explosive confrontation and agree to discuss it when you get home. Upon returning to your abode, you talk it out and resolve it.

“I am my own person”

You can be yourself around your partner and don’t just feel you are an appendage. You have your own interests and opinions and your partner understands and accepts your position.

Here are some strong indicators that you have a good thing going with your partner:

  • Your relationship has lasted a long-distance relationship at the beginning with the goal that you wanted to build a life together. You were both faithful to each other whilst you were apart and you feel that you coming together was the right thing.
  • Your partner has a healthy interest about your relationship with your friends. He or she does not try and plant a wedge between you and your friends and is happy to discuss your friends with you. Moreover, your partner understands when you go out with your friends (within moderation!) as he or she understands that social bonding is a necessary part in human behavior. If your friend is experiencing a ‘crisis’ and you need to go and comfort them, your partner accepts this and supports your position.
  • As with all of these pointers above, it should work both ways to be successful.

“We are planning for the future”

Marriage may or may not be in the equation but you both see the same about the future. You see a future together.

This includes both of your individual interests and commitments and your plans for your relationship.

This is the great part of being in a relationship. Sharing your ideas, dreams and goals together and planning how you are going to turn them into reality. You have discussed this and you feel confident in setting your goals together.

Bonus 1-Do you feel that you need to improve your relationship with your partner? No promises-but this may help. See ‘Expert dating and relationship advice’. It may help to put your relationship back on track. Click on image for details:

Bonus 2-See our own video on “How to keep a healthy relationship with your partner”. Click on the image link:

How to reduce your “Doomscrolling” time

Doomscrolling” or sometimes known as “Doomsurfing”, are terms used when an individual constantly scrolls through the internet looking for news that whilst may be informative, normally is of a negative nature, and could have a harmful effect on the individual.

Multicultural group of young people men and women looking shocked at mobile phone

From the media point of view, one obvious example is Covid-19, where we have been bombarded with so much doom and gloom, The news and has been relentless since we first heard of the pandemic around March 2020. Spending time on the internet has greatly increased since ‘lockdown’ to avoid boredom and to endure the isolation.

If you are suffering from the fatigue of ‘Doomscrolling’, all is not lost. There are certain steps you can take to try to alleviate this if you feel it is a problem and reclaim your life! Here are 9 things to consider:

#1 Record your activity on the internet for a day

Research has shown a link between heavy internet usage and increased health risks such as internet addiction, anxiety, depression, obesity, and social isolation.

Whilst social isolation under ‘lockdown’ restrictions are inevitable, do you know how long you are scrolling the internet daily? In 2020, the average an individual spent surfing the internet was 2 hours 20 minutes a day.

Awareness of your own usage is important, so you need to know how long you are scrolling the internet. Do just that, record the times you access the internet in one day. Also, record the way you are accessing the information-is it by phone, PC, tablet?

#2 Assess your activity

Especially at the present time with the pandemic, more people are working at home and so are students.

Now you have a fair idea how much time you spend on the internet. Using a computer in your everyday working or student life are inevitable and essential. But you also need to consider the times you are online and are you spending more time surfing than you need to? Are you surprised at the time you are on the internet, social media platforms etc? Are you easily distracted from your work? Does this worry you?

If that is a yes, you can learn how to manage your time you spend on the internet. Ask yourself, each time you go onto the internet, is this absolutely necessary at this time? If it is no, then take a step back and try and find an alternative activity.

#3 Try a time management app

If you are having difficulty assessing the amount of time you are on the internet, try a time management app such as RescueTime for example.

This app will let you know where you’re spending your time on that computer as it provides details on how much active time you spend on various websites and applications.

It also has a “Focus mode” feature (Premium only feature) which gives you the option of ‘barring’ youself from visiting selected websites. It works by blocking distracting websites so you can focus on productive activities. RescueTime is available for Mac and PC.

Another similar app is Digital Wellbeing available on Android. Android’s Digital Wellbeing tools give you a daily view of how often you check your phone and how frequently you use different apps. You can then set limits with daily app timers, and unplug at night with features like Bedtime mode.

#4 Allocate certain times of the day for surfing the internet

If you prefer not to get an app to do the work, allocate a certain time in the day to accessing the internet for your personal use and keep your work time completely separate.

Also set a time limit for surfing. Set aside certain times of the day to read the news, and set a 10-minute timer to remind you to stop scrolling. The importance of planning your day in the morning or on the night before is crucial here. Start by making calendar appointments for everything from mundane activities, like taking a walk outside, to business matters, like videoconferencing meetings.

Dedicate one of your computers or a laptop for your work or your studies and do not surf the web unless it is for this purpose. Don’t just scroll around Facebook or YouTube in the midst of your work whenever you feel compelled to do so, because you could easily get distracted from your work schedule and you’ll end up wasting too much time.

#5 Take Your Breaks Away from the internet

Don’t pick up your phone to surf the internet or look at the news on tv first thing in the morning. Do something else.

Turn off your phone’s push notifications. A push notification is a message that pops up on a mobile device. App publishers can send them at any time; users don’t have to be in the app or using their devices to receive them

Working long hours at anything will lead to fatigue. Regular breaks from work throughout the day can be beneficial as it raises your alertness and attention levels.

It is generally considered better if you take regular short breaks rather than a long one. Taking a 5 to 10 minute break, for example, is better than a 20 minute one. If in a work environment, then ideally you should be in a position to be able to choose when you take your break and walk away from your computer.

Try to resist that opportunity to access the web via your mobile phone or tablet during your break. Take a walk, drink a beverage or give a thought to how your day is going instead.

6# Use the Internet to improve your life

The internet has probably affected our lives more than anything else that came before.

With the coming of the internet, the human race has a tremendous opportunity to explore this vast and wonderful universe that we exist in. Never before have we had the opportunity to explore, educate and enhance our individual lives at a touch of button and to help others with the information that is on offer.

The internet does not have to be a tool solely to access doom and gloom. It is an incredibly powerful tool for connecting people and collating easily-accessible information. If used properly, it can connect with people, allow you to enhance your life, provide you with positive information, a problem solver, learn about the world, link you to real life interests, entertain and much more besides.

#7 Go a Whole Day Without the Internet

The tough one! Take a day off from it all. This is another way to assess if the internet is controlling you! Use your phone only as a phone.

You can even inform your friends or contacts that you will not be available on a particular day.

This exercise is not going to be easy and it is important that you review your feelings of what happened that day. Did it feel good or did you panic? Did you yearn for Facebook? What is certain is that you will learn a lot about the effects the internet has on you. Remember it was an exercise and not the end of the world.

#8 Connect with people

Especially if you are experiencing a strict “lockdown” or a period of isolation, try and spend 15 minutes a day connecting with the people you care the most outside your ‘bubble’.

This can make you feel less alone and help you avoid “doomscrolling”.

At the beginning of the pandemic, many people took to video conferencing to virtually connecting to their friends and loved ones. This is especially important if you are experiencing the common phenomena of not knowing which day it is because your regular routine has been curtailed due to a full “lockdown”.

This is also a good time to reconnect with your family that live with you. If you have been living together in “lockdown” this one maybe a strain as you are so closely knit together at this time. But it is always a good thing to remind yourself and them that you are in this together and you appreciate their presence.

#9 Find a hobby

Schools, gyms, yoga studios and local attractions such as zoos and museums are getting creative, offering opportunities to enjoy what they offer digitally.

What is even better is that the services, classes and attractions are for free.  

Here is a list of 40 hobbies you may like to consider and to choose from. click on the link here.

If you have regular worries about what the future will bring, you may wish to check out our video “5 tips to stop worrying about the future (stop overthinking)” on our YouTube channel. Click the image to view the video:

What is the keto diet?

Custom Keto Diet

The ketogenic diet involves drastically reducing carbohydrate intake and replacing it with fat. The process creates a metabolic state called ‘ketosis‘.

The diet works by depleting the body of its sugar reserves which in turn means that your body burns fat for energy. A Keto diet can cause significant reductions in blood sugar and insulin levels. As with any change to your regular diet, a Keto diet comes with a warning.

This diet is not for everyone. Medical experts have stated that Keto is not safe for those with any medical conditions involving:

  • Thyroid or gallbladder
  • people with diabetes who are insulin-dependent
  • people who have eating disorders
  • those with kidney disease or pancreatitis
  • women during pregnancy and breastfeeding

If you suffer with any of these conditions-avoid this diet!

If you not suffer with any of the above conditions, it is still best to discuss your intended diet plan with your doctor, dietician or health coach.

What can I eat?

Before we get onto the benefits of a Keto diet, what can you eat? Well, the following:

  • Avocados
  • Cheese
  • Coconut oil
  • Eggs
  • Low-carb vegetables such as spinach, broccoli, cauliflower, asparagus,
  • Meat and poultry
  • Plain Cottage Cheese
  • Plain Greek Yogurt
  • Seafood, fish and shellfish

Here are seven potential benefits of taking up a Keto diet for the short term:

1. Lose weight

This form of diet can be, to say the least, one of the most ‘drastic’ diets. Research has so far shown that a ketogenic diet produces weight loss rapidly due to the reduction of fat, calorie intake and water in the body.

This is down to boosting metabolism and reducing the stimulation of hunger. This causes your body to enter into “ketosis” which is a state where the body switches from using fat to carbs as its primary fuel source. Ketones are produced in the liver.

If a keto diet is combined with vigorous exercise, the results of being on a keto diet can be quite spectacular. On a “normal” diet with regular exercise regime, most people can expect to lose one to two lbs a week, whilst those following a keto diet, experts believe that typically you can expect to see a drop of anywhere from two to ten pounds.

2. Protect the heart

“Research from Saint Louis University finds that high fat or “ketogenic” diets could completely prevent, or even reverse heart failure caused by a metabolic process” News Medical.

Even losing a moderate amount of weight on a Keto diet, should help protect against heart disease, by reducing your cholesterol levels, but the diet itself should only be taken up for the short term, the maximum being a year according to most experts.

As with all diets, you should discuss the situation with your doctor, dietician or health coach, before embarking on a Keto diet.

3. May reduce the risk of developing cancer

Researchers have examined the effects of the ketogenic diet in helping prevent or even treat various types of cancer.

It is thought that cancer feeds on the daily sugar intake we consume. However, partaking in a high-fat diet, starves the cancer cells forming tumours. It is thought that taking up the Keto diet, helps reduce the risk or potentially prevents cancer taking hold.

One study has suggested that taking up a Keto diet can be beneficial to cancer patients on chemotherapy or radiation therapy. Another recent study also concluded that a Keto diet lowers the risk of insulin complications with diabetics.

However more research is needed before a definitive statement can be released by the medical profession.

4. May protect the brain

Whilst the medical results are not definitive, and certainly more research is required, there is a thought amongst the medical fraternity that a Keto diet can be beneficial to the functionality of the brain. For example, taking up this diet may mitigate the risk of dementia.

Alzheimer’s is sometimes referred to as “Type 3 diabetes” because of the role glucose plays in the disease. A ketogenic/lower-carb diet reduces the levels of glucose and insulin in the body, which help insulin resistance but may also prevent brain deterioration. There is some indication that a Keto diet may reduce the chances of developing neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer’s disease.

Other sets of research with Keto diets, include Parkinson’s disease, memory loss and epilepsy.

5. Potentially reduces seizures

Taking a Keto diet reduces the amount of glutamate in the brain making it less likely for a seizure to occur. A recent study showed that a Keto diet was used to treat epileptic seizures in children by stabilizing the functions of neurons in the brain.

It was also noted that a Keto diet also reduced inflammation of the brain for sufferers of meningitis, encephalitis, or autoimmune disorders which can trigger seizures.

  • Over half of children who go on the diet have at least a 50% reduction in the number of their seizures.
  • Some children, usually 10-15%, even become seizure-free. 

Taken from details published by the Epilepsy Foundation

6. Improves acne

“Acne is a skin condition characterized by red pimples on the skin, especially on the face, due to inflamed or infected sebaceous glands and prevalent chiefly among adolescents”. Google

Acne has several different causes and may have links to carbohydrate consumption and blood sugar in some people. By avoiding carbohydrates in a Keto diet, you may be able to improve the quality of your skin and prevent future flare-ups.

7. Improves PCOS symptoms?

The jury is still out on this one. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder that can lead to excess male hormones, ovulatory dysfunction, and polycystic ovaries.

A high-carbohydrate diet can cause adverse effects in people with PCOS, such as skin problems and weight gain.

A recent study in 2019 found that a keto diet had beneficial effects for people with hormonal disorders, including PCOS and type 2 diabetes.

However, the research is still at the early stage so there is no medical consensus to recommend a Keto diet for improving PCOS symptoms.

Bonus 1: If a Keto diet is too drastic-See our video on “5 Tips to lose weight”. Click on the image link below:

Bonus 2: If you would like to know more about a Keto diet-You can review a Custom Keto Diet Plan designed for you here. Click on link for details:

Covid-19 (January 2021) News

It looks like we are in for a long haul with Covid-19 and everyday there is new information coming out relating to this pandemic. Inzspire has searched for the latest information on the virus and here are 5 items of recent news-the first of many posts for 2021:

#1 New Variant of the virus

It is generally accepted amongst the medical fraternity that viruses constantly change through mutation, and new variants of a virus are expected to occur over time.

This is the case as a mutation of Covid-19 or variant was discovered in late September 2020 in London and Kent, England. Medical experts in the UK evaluated the relationship between transmission and frequency of the new variant. Their alarming discovery brought the conclusion that the variant is growing rapidly, is more transmissible than other variants, and affecting a greater proportion of under 20s. Currently, there is no evidence that it causes more severe illness or increased risk of death. They were quickly to confirm that the new vaccines should still prove to be effective against this new variation of the virus.

#2 Mutations cropping up everywhere

The new strain is called SARS-CoV-2 VUI 202012/01 or “B.1.1.7.” The new spike in cases in the UK due to this new strain, as the initial analysis has shown that it is anything between 56% to 70% more infectious than other Covid-2 strains in circulation.

As the new spike has emerged, the suspicion lies firmly with increased family and social mixing due to the festive season.

The virus is also not exclusive to the UK, as cases not only have now been identified in many countries in Europe, but also in Australia, Canada, Lebanon and South Korea. Also,there is a new variant in South Africa, known as 501.V2, which has driven a surge in infections there, according to country health officials.

#3 Asymptomatic COVID infections

Asymptomatic is where a person is infected with, for example, Covid-19, who does not develop symptoms but can pass the virus onto others.

It is currently considered that there is a lower risk of transmission from asymptomatic people but they are more likely to be out in the community than isolated at home thus making them a potentially significant risk to vulnerable people. It would appear that a full lockdown would be the only course of action for respective governments in an attempt to control the virus.

Due to the lack of concrete data, the medical fraternity are unable to determine the level of risk asymptomatic people pose to the general public. This is because the medical experts are having trouble distinguishing between people who are asymptomatic and pre-symptomatic. A person with pre-symptomatic is somebody who has mild symptoms before they do go on to develop symptoms.

#4 Increase in relationship break-ups

Sadly, one of the results of the pandemic is that we are seeing more relationships breaking up and divorce rates amongst couples have increased according to relationship councillors.

The main reason has been blamed to “lockdown” whereby couples are in constant close proximity of each other thus spending increased amounts of time together.

Breakdown in communication amongst partners, the financial impact of “lockdown” and the increase of individuals suffering with mental illness brought on by isolation are all factors contributing to the breakdown in relationships.

Even long-standing strong relationships that did not have problems before the pandemic have been detrimentally affected. Therapists and psychologists have put this down to “well-established routines that offered comfort, stability and rhythm” being broken thus putting untold stress on relationships.

#5 Will a vaccine get us back to normal?

The general view is that impact of a vaccine will have a positive effect on our lives by the summer and life should return to some form closer to normaility by winter. That is if the vaccine reaches enough of the world population. Of course, the timeframes will differ from country to country.

The initial hope of the first part of 2021 is to inoculate the front-line health workers and the most vulnerable, that is, the elderly with pre-existing health conditions.

But the realistic practicalities of inoculating the world’s population may mean that we have to wait years for the world to recover and return to the normality we used to enjoy. The best we can hope for is that the vaccines end the pandemic as they will not eradicate the virus altogether. So, don’t get rid of your facemask just yet!

For More Coronavirus News visit our YouTube channel Playlist section. You can view this here.

What is stopping you from achieving your dream?

All our dreams can come true, if we have the courage to pursue them” Walt Disney

Before we start, this post is about achieving a realistic dream. If you want to be the best footballer whoever lived or the greatest writer of all time, that maybe impossible. You see I did use the word ‘maybe’.

Everything begins in the heart and mind. You have a dream. Your heart is set on it and it is realistic but you keep finding reasons why you cannot achieve it. Well that simply won’t do! Attaining your dream is like going on a journey but with the added element being that it is up to you how long it is going to take.

In order to achieve your dream, you will have to remove the doubt that you will not be able to accomplish it. Here are three things that doubt thrives on and you need to remove them from the process:

#1 Lack of belief

Here are some pointers for you to consider that just may alter your conditioned perspective of lack of belief.

Stop being a dream doubter. You don’t believe that you have what it takes to turn your dream into reality. Whilst you watch on tv or in the newspaper, someone who is living your dream, you do not believe that you too can do it.

Own the dream-it is yours. You have to believe that you can achieve it even if other people disagree. You are probably going to have your critics who think your dream is “unachievable” or “you don’t have what it takes”. Ignore them. Don’t let them create your world or make you think too small.

Believe it can happen to you. Sometimes the line between success and failure is very thin and mainly comes down to believing in yourself. If you don’t believe it can be done, how can others believe that you can do it? Everything that you ever achieved so far, had one small but vital ingredient. You believed that you could do it. So why do you not adopt this attitude when thinking about your dream?

#2 No faith in the course of action

This is known as not trusting the process. You believe in your dream but have lack of faith in the method of getting there

You feel that the process is too long or too hard so you never pursue it. Never let being a realist get in the way of your dream. Do not think “it’s not for me” or “it’s too hard”. Just think of the joy you will feel when you accomplish your dream.

Do not let the detractors make you doubt the process by feeding you negative thoughts. They could give you many reasons why you will fail but do not listen to them.

You may have an idea what the process is to achieve your dream. It maybe tough, it maybe a long drawn out progression or procedure but nothing that is worthwhile is intended to be easy. “Never give up”. It you stick with it, everything will fall into place and you will have the satisfaction of accomplishment and the knowledge that your convictions were justified. The result will be a new form of confidence in yourself that can result in you looking out for your next goal. We are never the finished article as there is always something else to pursue on our journey of achievement.

#3 You do not trust yourself

This means that you must stop getting into the habit of being self-critical and beating yourself up when you fail. We all fail. So, don’t be afraid of rejection-all successful people have experienced it from time to time. The secret is “Never give up”.

If you feel that whatever you do is not good enough, then you do not trust yourself. This means that you do not trust your own judgement and your dream is just that-a dream. You will not go onto the next steps of turning your dream into reality.

The classic example of this is not going for that promotion. Other people are applying for the position but you have already convinced yourself that you are not good enough. How do you know unless you apply? Yes, you maybe unsuccessful but even if you fail in getting the job, experiencing the process is invaluable. If you glean anything from the process, you have learnt something.

Also don’t be afraid to ask the person that interviewed you for the reasons you were unsuccessful and what you could do to improve. People hardly ever ask these questions following a rejection. So be original-ask! The person who interviewed you or put you forward will have the reasons why you were not successful and will be surprised that you asked. This shows your initiative and will likely make you memorable for the right reasons-and you will get valuable information to take with you on the next part of the journey to success. Remember-it is a journey.

If you would like to hear of a famous person not giving up and keeping his dream alive, click on the Bonus 1 link below to hear his view on achieving his goal and not giving up.

What to do next?

Everyone has dreams but not everyone possesses the power, knowledge and ability to make their dreams a reality. Here are some tips to adopt on the journey to achieving your dream:

  1. Mindset-Step into the feeling that your dream is already a reality. If you have set your mind into believing that it can be done-the transition will be natural and easier. Write your dream down on a piece of paper and hang it on the wall, fridge or wherever you can see it first thing in the morning and last thing at night. Visualisation is a powerful thing.
  2. Research-You now know what your dream is. Now surf the net on the subject and make notes on what you need to do to make it a reality. Make notes from people who have already been successful. This is where you will realize the scope of the undertaking and what you will have to do to attain your goal. Do not feel that it is impossible, what you want was never going to be easy.
  3. Record-Write your goals down. Start with a monthly plan for what you want to focus on. Then create a weekly and daily snapshot of what you will work on — make sure your plan is realistic and attainable.
  4. Off you go-Take simple small steps on the journey and treat every step as a success.
  5. Share-Discuss your dream with likeminded people or friends/family. Whilst it is a good to talk, If your dream is realistic and attainable, they should support you or at least understand what you about to embark on giving you encouragement on the way.
  6. Awareness-Your journey will not be easy as the road will be uneven at times and there maybe barriers or blocks in the road. Be aware of this and accept it as part of the ride. You can smile later when you have accomplished your goal.
  7. Never give up!

Bonus 1-See our video on “Believe in your dreams. (Dreams cost nothing)”. Sylvester Stallone, one of the all-time great iconic hero actors talks here about his dreams when he started out trying to make it in Hollywood. It is inspirational. No one can take your dreams away from you if you don’t let them. Click on the image link below:

Bonus 2-Can you achieve a realistic dream or accomplish your goals? Absolutely! Have a look at ‘The Light Code that can help you remove feelings that hold you back in improving your life. Click on image for details:


Why it is good to exercise?

The benefits of regular exercise are readily apparent but not all people are aware of how good it is for you or feel the need to take a little time out of their day to exercise. Here are 5 reasons why regular exercise is beneficial to your wellbeing:

#1 Good for weight control

When you engage in physical exercise, you burn calories which increases your metabolism. This is in turn helps you lose weight. Consistency is the key.

Regular exercise is beneficial in maintaining weight loss. You do not have to be at a gym every day. Take the stairs instead of the lift or, if reasonable, walk to your destination instead of using the car or bus.

Just two points to make here. Firstly, exercising is not the only tool you need to lose weight. Eating a sensible diet is crucial as well.

Secondly, if you have not exercised for a little while, and then you start, you may find that initially you put weight on! You may notice that you look thinner but weigh more. This is because you are increasing muscle tone. As long as you eat sensibly and regularly exercise, you will lose weight and maintain the weight you feel comfortable with.

#2 Good for your health

Regular exercise is good for your heart and blood circulation. Studies have found that regular workouts resulted in improvements in heart function and blood-sugar control.

It also helps prevent adverse health conditions such a stroke, type 2 diabetes, high blood press, various types of cancer and a cholesterol which causes heart disease,to name but a few.

It is not only good for your body but also for your mind. With regular exercise, you are stimulating the chemicals that affect the growth of brains cells particularly in part of your brain known as the hippocampus. The Hippocampus is mainly responsible for memory which declines in older age thus raising the danger of dementia.

Regular exercise improves the neural connections in your brain which enhances, learning, thinking, reasoning, problem solving and memory retention.

#3 Good for your emotional health

It is medically believed that any form of exercise has the potential to increase mental alertness and provide an emotional lift.

Well maybe not as much as that! But it is true to say that physical exercise stimulates the chemicals in the brain. In particular, the brain releases ‘feel-good’ chemicals known as endorphins throughout the body. Physical activity can reduce your feeling of anxiety, lift a depressed mood, and build your self-esteem.

Alternatively, if you are adverse or unable to run, walking provides benefits to your emotional health. It is recommended, that if you could possibly manage the time, (see our link below for our video on finding time to exercise) you should strive to include a brisk walk in your everyday routine for at least 30 minutes most days of the week, or if you have the inclination, to run for at least 20 minutes three or more days each week.

#4 Good for an energy boost

The amount of energy you produce is a direct result of your diet and the amount of what is known as mitochondria your body produces.

Mitochondria makes most of the molecule, adenosine triphosphate (ATP), which your cells use as a source of energy. Quite simply, the more active you are, the more mitochondria your body makes.

Exercising improves cardiovascular health and fitness through the body’s ability to circulate oxygen. What you will find is that you will initially experience fatigue after high intensity training for example, but then a few hours later you will find that your energy levels pick up. 

If performing regular exercise, you will steadily experience being less tired and in better physical condition. It also improves your muscle strength and endurance.

#5 Good for a better night’s sleep

Having trouble sleeping? Try regular exercise over a period of 4 to 24 weeks. The results of medical studies over this timeframe showed that people with insomnia, slept better and fell asleep faster than normal. The benefit is that you awake in the morning feeling refreshed.

As we have already covered above, exercise requires you to use up energy, which in turn helps you feel more tired at the end of the day. In addition to improving the quality of sleep, exercise also can help you increase the duration of your regular nightly sleep cycle.

One word of warning though, do not exercise just before you go to sleep as you maybe too stimulated to get to sleep.

(see our link below (Bonus 3) to our video on having trouble with sleeping-‘10 ways to fight insomnia)

#Bonus 1

See our video on “4 ways to find the time to exercise”. Click on the image to view the video:

#Bonus 2

See-‘Bodyweight Burn-Fat Loss’ The 21 minutes a day exercise that is working better than conventional exercises by utilising your bodyweight. Click here for details.

#Bonus 3

See our video on “10 ways to fight insomnia”. Click on the image to view the video:

9 types of intelligence-which one are you?

Howard Gardner an American cognitive psychologist and author, introduced the theory of multiple types of intelligences humans possess. His original concept included 7 but this now has expanded. You definitely possess at least one or maybe more. Here are 9 Types of Intelligence: Which one(s) do you possess?

#1 Naturalist Intelligence

People with Naturalist Intelligence have an instinctive relationship with natural surroundings.

People with Naturalist Intelligence possess sensory awareness and observe and understand patterns within the natural environment, they have an exceptional caring for wildlife, plants, trees and the ecosystem.

Naturalism was a literary movement taking place from 1865 to 1900 and is the idea or belief that only natural laws and forces (as opposed to supernatural or spiritual ones) operate in the universe. Naturalists are heavily influenced by the evolution theory of Charles Darwin. Naturalists can distinguish patterns in nature and have the special ability to grow plants, vegetables and fruit. They also have an affinity with animals and have the ability to train animals.

#2 Musical Intelligence

People that possess musical intelligence are blessed with a natural understanding of pitch, rhythm, timbre and tone.

With these gifts, people can create, reproduce and reflect on music as displayed by musicians, vocalists, composers and conductors around the world.

Musical intelligence recognizes musical patterns and tones easily. They can remember songs and melodies and are able to learn to read and recreate musical notes.

Critics, however, feel that musical intelligence should be viewed not as an intelligence but viewed instead as a talent. They argue that musical intelligence is categorized as a talent because it does not have to change to meet life demands. What do you think?

#3 Logical Mathematical Intelligence

Mathematical logic incorporates abstract symbolic thought.

It allows us to see relationships in shapes and symbols in order to solve problems and is crucial to problem solving and critical thinking.

People who possess logical mathematical intelligence show the ability to analyze situations or problems logically, to identify solutions, to conduct scientific research, and to solve logical or mathematical operations easily. People who excel with this quality are often mathematicians, scientists or detectives.

#4 Existential Intelligence

People with existential intelligence ask the profound questions How did we get here? Why are we here? What purpose does our existence serve?”

It is not so important to have the answers, merely that they were raised in the first place. They are abstract, philosophical thinkers who have the ability to use meta-cognition to explore the unknown. Meta-cognition is about thinking about one’s thinking with the ability to examine how you process thoughts and feelings. A bit of a mouthful but they think outside the box.

Socrates and the Buddha are examples of famous figures who exhibited an exceptional level of existential intelligence.

#5 Inter Personal Intelligence

Interpersonal intelligence refers to our ability to understand and relate to other people.

Put quite simply “you get people”. It is to have empathy with people, the ability to note distinctions among others.  

They are easily able to pick up on the feelings, mood, motivation, and intentions of those around them. These individuals may often enjoy debate or discussions. People with interpersonal intelligence, such as Mahatma Gandhi and Cesar Chavez.

#6 Bodily-Kinaesthetic Intelligence

Bodily-kinesthetic is a learning style often referred to as ‘learning with the hands’ or physical learning.

Basically, people with bodily-kinesthetic intelligence can learn more easily by doing. They are proficient in the following:

  • Good at dancing and sports.
  • Enjoy creating things with his or her hands.
  • Have excellent physical coordination and motor skills
  • Remember by doing, rather than hearing or seeing

#7 Linguistic Intelligence

Linguistic Intelligence deals with sensitivity to the spoken and written language.

Do you have a vast vocabulary? Linguistic Intelligence allows you to have the ability to learn languages, and capacity to use language to accomplish certain goals. People with this type of intelligence enjoy reading and writing and have an excellent knack for picking up new languages and can find the beauty in the words and languages.

Those with linguistic intelligence are best suited to careers as journalists, authors, copy editors, teachers, actors, public speakers, lawyers, and broadcasters.

#8 Intrapersonal Intelligence

Intrapersonal intelligence is the capacity to explore one’s inner world and feelings.

Their mind is their ‘safe-haven’ and they are at one with their self. Thus. they are crucially aware of want makes themselves ‘tick’ as they very quickly understand their emotions feelings and what motivates them. What is common lies in the young who largely not only have an inclination of what they want to be when they are adults but how to achieve it.

These are the ‘daydreamers’ who assess their own personal strengths and like exploring relationships with others.

#9 Spatial Intelligence

Spatial intelligence, or visuo-spatial ability, is the ability “has been defined “to generate, retain, retrieve, and transform well-structured visual images” (Lohman 1996).

What this means is that people who possess spatial intelligence have a thought process that is in 3 dimensions and they have the ability to visualize the world accurately. But it goes more than that. Based upon their perception, they are able to modify and recreate aspects of their visual experiences. It is a mental feat.

They excel in imagining an object before something is created which makes them excellent architects and engineers. They are good at drawing, painting, solving puzzles and mazes and recognize patterns easily.

Leonardo Da Vinci and Michelangelo are both famous exponents of high visual-spatial, or visual, intelligence arguably creating the greatest works of art in history.

So there you are, the 9 types of intelligence. Which one are you, or do you possess more than 1? Let us know in the comments.

Bonus 1 See our video on “7 people with unusual mental gifts”. Click on the image link:

Bonus 2 Can your intelligence be improved? See ‘Roadmap to Genius’ that can help make you smarter. Click on here for details:

Hi! I’m your Guardian Angel

“A guardian angel is a type of angel that is assigned to protect and guide a particular person, group or nation.” Wikipedia

It is generally accepted (amongst the enlightened) that we are all assigned a guardian angel (or it can be many) at birth. The word angel derives from the Greek word angelos, meaning “messenger.” Guardian angels are there to protect you, provide guidance, give comfort and bring people and opportunities into your life and throughout your life. Their biggest problem is that you may not be aware of them or listening to their messages.

There are many signs that your guardian angel is contacting you, but here are six common signs:

#1 WHITE FEATHER

I’m from your Guardian Angel
Who’s been assigned to you.
She dropped this in her struggles
As she protected you.

Each time you feel that you’re alone,
Each time you nearly fall
I’m here to remind you:
You’re not alone at all.

unknown author

Your guardian angel is never far away but if you come across a white feather, this is the classic sign your guardian angel is trying to let you know of their presence and that you are not alone. It is said that discovering the feather in an unlikely location or in unusual circumstances means that your angel is telling you that they are not far away and giving you hope and encouragement. A white feather normally appears just when you need it the most and is a symbol of unconditional love

If or when you find a white feather ask yourself these questions:

What were you thinking at the time of the discovery?

What did you feel when you found it?

Has something happened recently that has affected you deeply?

Have you asked your guardian angel anything recently?

Whilst you may not have an answer to these questions, discovering a white feather is a good omen.

#2 DREAMS

It is widely believed that one of the best ways for our guardian angel to contact us when we sleep. After all, you are relaxed when you are sleeping, your subconscious is free to roam and there is no fear or stress to prevent you from receiving the message or tuning into what the angel is conveying to you.

Many people have confirmed that when they have contacted their angel through prayer before falling asleep, they have dreamed vividly afterwards. Dreams can be full of symbols and it is said that angels use symbols to pass on information to you. If this is the case, you should consider where you have seen this symbol before and whether it has a role in your life.

Whilst you are dreaming, your angel may make an appearance as a friend or a teacher. Alternatively, the message maybe more subtle taking form such as a thought or a feeling. You may have one particular dream which is repetitive. If this is the case, then you should try and make notes in order to try and decipher the message.

#3 SCENT

Clairalience or ‘clear smell’ is the documented phenomena that has been deemed as a spiritual encounter with the acquisition of a physical smell. Spiritual smells could be a sign from your guardian angel. This mysterious force tries to find a channel to talk to you. This is a sign that your guardian angel is with you.

Guardian angels may send you a scent that reminds you of someone or a pet. This is a sign that the guardian angel is close. People have mentioned that the smell was like roses even though none were nearby.

#4 REPETITION

You may have heard the saying ‘it comes in 3’s. In order to get your attention, a guardian angel may use repetition to ram the message home. For example, if you hear or experience the same thing repeated three times, you may want to take notice and investigate further.

Angels may also communicate with you through recurring songs you hear on the radio or by causing you to hear a series of songs, all with a very similar theme. If you wake up with a song in your head and then you hear it again during the day, then it maybe your guardian angel conveying a message to you.

Another example of repetition is what is known as ‘angel numbers’ such as 111 or 444. It is well documented that angels use repetitive numbers in order to communicate. These repetitive numbers may come up on clocks, doors, letters, car license plates or in dreams. There is an angel numbers guide and their meanings at the end of this post.

#5 FEELING HAPPY OR AT PEACE

Have you ever suddenly felt a feeling of pure happiness, contentment or peacefulness fall upon you for no apparent reason? If you suddenly feel a profound sense of emotional warmth, this is a sign that an angel is watching over you.

We are normally so busy going about our daily business that we are not aware of the signs. It’s thought that signs like these are the angels trying to get our attention so that they can intervene and guide us in a particular way or offer us reassurance when we need it most. When you suddenly feel happy or at peace, it is your guardian angel letting you know of their presence.

#6 ORBS

Orbs or ‘spheres of light’ have been known to appear in photographs or in places are considered representations of angels. These can take the shape of a bright white light or in different colours. Angels sometimes use orbs as their vehicles to appear in the physical world to convey a particular message.

It is generally considered that If a guardian angel appears to you inside an orb, it is to let you know you are loved, or to provide you with inspiration at difficult and challenging times in your life.

These orbs can manifest themselves in many different colours and each colour represents a different meaning. There is an orb colour guide and their meanings at the end of this post.

BONUS #1 See our supplementary video ‘Guardian Angels’ by clicking on the image below:

BONUS #2 See ‘Who is your Guardian Angel?’ which can unlock the secret of your guardian angel’s name and much more. Click on image below for details:

Bonus #3 Angels numbers guide. Click here

Bonus #4 Orb colour guide. Click here

How to improve your low self-esteem

Self-esteem is an individual’s subjective evaluation of their own worth. Self-esteem encompasses beliefs about oneself as well as emotional states, such as triumph, despair, pride, and shame Wikipedia

5 ways to combat the feeling of low-self esteem

There are many reasons why a person may have developed low self-esteem. An unhappy childhood where the parents or teachers were over critical with the child’s behaviour or performance. Academic underachievement at school or ongoing life events such as a relationship breakdown or financial trouble.

Whatever the root of the problem is, the individual will create negative thoughts in their mind that makes them feel inadequate, incompetent, and maybe even feel unlovable. This in turn may make them find difficulty in making choices in their life.

#1 Stop your inner critique

Try to stop criticising yourself so much and learn to love yourself. Replace the inner voice that is negative with a positive one. You are unique, there is no-one like you and you have a lot to offer. You just have to firstly believe it.

Being self-critical is not a bad thing if you use it as a tool and not let it control your life. It can spur you on to get things done or to do things better than the last time. We all should learn from our mistakes. But the problem is the danger that being self-critical can drag down your self-esteem and be counter-productive.

Look at life and problems with a beginner’s mind-rather than automatically responding to situations with the same negative pattern of behaviour. You need to approach a problem or situation as though you are seeing it for the first time.

#2 Be kind to yourself (Stay self-connected)

Being kind to yourself means being gentle to yourself at times when you feel like being self-critical. Think what you’d say to a friend in a similar situation. We often give far better advice to others than we do to ourselves.

Mindfulness can help with concentrating on yourself without interpretation or judgement. It is a form of meditation which allows you to let go of your racing thoughts that maybe harming you or distracting you from your goal. More on the subject of mindfulness in another post which will be published soon.

#3 Keep a journal

I know that this is something you may feel is not worth the effort but it does work. Write things down at the end of each day that describes what you can appreciate about yourself or what you have achieved from that day-however small. Identify what you are good at. We’re all good at something, whether it’s cooking, singing, being a good friend or listener. We also tend to enjoy doing the things we’re good at, which can help boost your mood.

Recording your thoughts is an excellent way of learning about yourself. Aim to have at least 5 positive things on your list and, if it is working for you, add to it regularly. Then put your list somewhere you can see it. That way, you can keep reminding yourself that you’re improving.

#4 Accept compliments

One of the problems of having a low estimate of yourself is the reluctance to accept compliments, which is ironic especially as this is the time when you need them the most. You may have a built-in reactive response to accepting complements. A recent study showed that people with low self-esteem have more trouble accepting compliments. This is mainly due to the individual feeling embarrassed, or doubts the sincerity, or that they feel patronized.

Set yourself a goal to tolerate and accept compliments when they are given to you. This is important for healthy relationships, allows you to accept your core self and helps in the process of healing from trauma.

#5 Set realistic expectations

Another reason for self-esteem failure is that you set the bar so high in the first place. If this is the case realise that you are your worst enemy. If you set the bar too high you are in line for a fall.

It is right to set goals and challenges for yourself-but make them realistic. Write down the things that challenge you most and then pick a time to address each one. Work on the easier ones first or the ones that take the least time. Then move onto the more difficult ones. If you apply this method to your challenges, you will be surprised at its effectiveness and it’s is a practical way to improve your self-esteem.

#1 See our supplementary video ‘Fear of Failure’ by clicking on the image below.

#2 See ‘The Ultimate Self-Esteem Formula’ that can help you put your life back on track. Click here or on the image below for details: